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The name Myrmecophila is a derivative of the word myrmecophile and refers to the symbiotic relationship with colonies of ants that are usually found living in the large, hollowed-out, banana-like pseudobulbs. Myrmecophila tibicinis directly utilizes minerals of the organic debris ("garbage dumps") deposited by the ants inside the hollow pseudobulbs.
It is warm to hot growing, wants full sun and is fragrant. The plant is big and the spike can be as much as 15 feet long.
Neobenthamia gracilis is lithophilic and grows among leaf litter and other detritus on rock faces.
Neobenthamia gracilis can be very tall, 2 meters or more, with large leaves. Born at the top of the erect terminal inflorescence are numerous very impressive fragrant, medium size flowers, that form a round ball shaped cluster (like a pom-pom).
Odontoglossum sp. is a small evergreen shrub growing 2-5ft tall, and is native to South America. The orchid is an epiphyte, meaning it grows on other plants such as tree trunks or branches. It requires regular watering as long as it is not kept in a place that stays soggy. Odontoglossum sp. has clusters of waxy, fragrant flowers in an array of colors, including pink, white and off-white, blue, lavender, purple, and even unusual colors such as red, crimson, and vinous and yellow, orange.
If you're looking to grow Odontoglossum sp. in a pot, it is suitable for USDA Zone 9-11 and prefers a semi-shaded spot. It requires regular watering and adequate fertilizer. For cold climates, it is better to keep your potted Odontoglossum indoors during the winter months. To protect from frost damage, make sure that the container has drainage holes and is large enough to accommodate growth. Place in a bright location in your house, away from direct sunlight, and ensure that it does not stay in a place that is too cold for too long, as this may damage the plant. Additionally, potting mix should be kept moist, but not soaking wet. For best results, water once every few days to keep the soil moist.
Oeceoclades maculata is a terrestrial orchid species that is native to tropical Africa and now naturalized in South and Central America, the Caribbean, and Florida in North America.
Plants consist of clusters of relatively small, deep green pseudobulbs giving rise to one to two leaves, deep green on front and lighter green on back, with both sides heavily mottled with deep green.
Most popular orchidss from the 600 or so species in existance come from the tropics of the Americas, but there are a few which grow in the higher elevations, and therefore require cooler conditions, hybrids are more tolerant than the species, as in most plants. These orchids can be varied in their cultural requirements, the hybrids are tolerant of wide ranges in temperature, and broadly speaking do best in an intermediate environment. There are many varieties however spread throughout the world, and cultural requirements differ widely amongst the species, hence the following is given as a general rule for most hybrids. Minimum night temperatures of 50F, depending on the plants' origin, are needed, but growth in summer is rapid at temperatures up to 88F. A humid atmosphere, propelled by a fan is beneficial. In hot weather shade sufficiently to ensure that the leaves are cool to the touch. If you are growing in the home give a bright situation but not direct sunlight, behind a net curtain, from April to September. These also make good conservatory plants as long as summer shade and good air movement can be provided. From March to September the medium should never be allowed to dry out completely. Water twice a week and fertilize fortnightly with a recommended orchid fertilizer. From October to February, no fertilizer is needed, but water the plants when the medium appears dried out. It is better to underwater as the plants can stand neglect more than over watering.
Odontocidium, abbreviated as Odcdm. is the nothogenus comprising intergeneric hybrids of the two orchid genera Odontoglossum and Oncidium (Odm. x Onc.).
x Wilsonara, abbreviated as Wils. in the horticultural trade, is the nothogenus for intergeneric hybrids between the three orchid genera Cochlioda, Odontoglossum and Oncidium (Cda. x Odm. x Onc.).
x Howeara, abbreviated as Hwra. is the nothogenus for intergeneric hybrid of the three genera Leochilus, Oncidium and Rodriguezia.
Oncidesa is the hybrids of Gomesa and Oncidium. Oncidesa Gower Ramsey has three species in its background: Gomesa flexuosa, Gomesa varicosa, Oncidium sphacelatum
See Orchid page for pictures of different orchids and care info.
More than 60 species. They are magnificent orchids and both the species and the hybrids have always formed a major part of good collections. They have a fascinating array of colors and forms and their ease of culture has attracted lifelong admirers. All Paphiopedilum are characterised by both a cup-like lip called the pouch, and a prominent dorsal sepal. They are often called slipper orchids which refers to the shape of this pouch. The plants are mostly terrestrials, although some, like Paphiopedilum lowii may be found growing epiphytically, (on trees) or lithophytically, (on rocks) They are dwarf to moderate sized with leaves that are stiff, waxy or leathery and range from a glossy green to beautifully mottled. The leaves usually form a fan-shaped tuft. An erect scape, bearing one or more flowers, arises from the centre of each new growth. The flowers are from 2" to 5" across in a variety and mixture of colors and may last perfectly on the plant for six weeks or more. The major blooming season is from mid-autumn onwards although variations occur. Require reasonably cool nights, particularly in the spring when they will be setting their buds for the autumn flowering season. Although this need makes them difficult to manage in warm areas, their low light requirement makes it possible to keep them cool by shading. See Orchid page for pictures of different orchids and care info.
Paraphalaenopsis sp. (Paraphalaenopsis) is a small shrub, growing between 2-5 ft in height. They prefer a semi-shade location, as they are epiphytes in their native habitats in Borneo. These plants provide a unique and unusual color in the garden, with their pink, white and off-white, as well as yellow and orange flowers.
In terms of its hardiness, Paraphalaenopsis sp. can be grown in USDA Zone 9-11. For cold regions, the plant may be grown in a pot inside the house or in a heated greenhouse. When grown in pots, it is important to use bark chips as a potting medium. The bark should be free-draining and water should be allowed to drain freely from the pot. If the soil becomes sodden, repot the plant in a well-drained potting mixture with a slightly tighter structure.
Paraphalaenopsis also likes to be watered thoroughly, but only when the potting medium has dried out. During the growing season (typically between spring and autumn), one should water the plant every two to three weeks. During winter, reduce the frequency of watering to allow the plant time to go more dormant. Fertilize the plant every two to three weeks using a balanced fertilizer at one-quarter to half the recommended rate.
Finally, do not forget to mist your Paraphalaenopsis regularly, especially in warmer climates. This will prevent the leaves from drying out, and ensure the plant receives adequate humidity. With the right conditions, Paraphalaenopsis will continue to reward you with beautiful flowers season after season.
Clusters of small greenish flowers, with red stripes on the sepals and petals and white and fuchsia lips.
Peristeria elata (Holy Ghost orchid) is a small shrub which is native to Central America. It is considered to be an epiphyte and grows low to medium in height, about 2 to 5 feet tall. The Holy Ghost orchid blooms throughout the year and produces off-white or white-colored flowers. The orchid prefers locations with semi-shade and needs regular watering during its growth.
This orchid is an ideal indoor decorative plant and can be grown in USDA Zones 9-11. It can also survive in colder climates if taken due care. In this case, the plant must be grown in a container that is kept under shade and protected from extreme temperatures. The pot must be preferably clay as this type of pot has greater water retention. Watering is done as need be but it should never be inundated in water. During winter months, it should be watered less and the soil should be kept moderately dry.
Overall, Peristeria elata makes an excellent houseplant but requires some specific care measures to survive and bloom in harsh winters. With the right amount of sun and water, it has the potential to reward you with its beautiful off-white flowers that give a serene atmosphere to the ambiance around.