TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Bletilla striata, Hyacinth Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid

Bletilla striata

Hyacinth Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Southeastern Asia
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Bletilla striata is a perennial, deciduous orchid of open environments.

It is hardy in gardens from USDA Zones 5 (with protection) to 9.



Bletilla striata, Hyacinth Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid
Bletilla striata, Hyacinth Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid
Bletilla striata, Hyacinth Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid
Bletilla striata, Hyacinth Orchid, Chinese Ground Orchid


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bletilla_striata.htm

Bletilla striata x formosana Kate - Yokohama Ground orchid

Loose clusters of pale pink flowers with golden blotch bloom on wiry stems. Broadly ribbed, iris-like leaves. Hardy and easy to grow!
Bletilla striata Yokohama is a lovely, hardy ground orchid native to East Asia. A cross of Bletilla striata Big Bob x Bletilla formosana. Bletilla Kate makes a typical clump of upright, sword-like, pleated, green leaves. Starting in late spring, terminal spikes reach 40" tall with an open cluster of medium lavender flowers, each highlighted by a dark purple stripe down the back center of each petal and a very dark purple lip surrounding a yellow throat. It is a relatively chardy orchid, in cooler climates leaves turn yellow in the fall before they die back for the winter.
Grows almost anywhere but prefers a rich, well-drained soil with adequate moisture. Water during growing season.


See video about Ground Orchids.

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Brassavola sp., Lady of the Night
Brassavola flagellaris

Brassavola sp.

Lady of the Night
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Central America, Southern America
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeEpiphyteRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Most Brassavola orchids are very fragrant, attracting pollinators with their citrusy smell. But they are only fragrant at night, in order to attract the right moth. Longevity of flowers depends on the species and is between five and thirty days.

In 1698 Brassavola nodosa was the first tropical orchid to be brought from the Caribbean island Curaçao to Holland. Thus began the propagation of this orchid and the fascination for orchids in general. Brassavola nodosa are found in low lying coastal regions, generally below 1640 ft. (500 m), growing on either trees in lowland tropical forests and mangrove swamps, or on exposed rocks and cliffs near the shore. During the growing period they require plenty of water. After the pseudobulbs have finished growing, water should be restricted for a few weeks during the rather indefinite rest period.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/brassavola_sp.htm

Brassia sp., Spider Orchid
Bakerara

Brassia sp.

Spider Orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Central America
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeEpiphyteUnusual colorAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Brassia species and its popular hybrids are common in cultivation, and are notable for the characteristic long and spreading tepals.

Brassia orchids need a lot of water while producing flowers, but don't like to get too wet. Good air circulation is important, too, otherwise you will see brown spots on the leaves.

x Bakerara abbreviated Bak. is the nothogenus for intergeneric hybrids between the orchid genera Brassia, Miltonia and Odontoglossum





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/brassia_sp.htm

Bulbophyllum blumei, Bulbophyllum

Bulbophyllum blumei

Bulbophyllum
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Papua New Guinea
Small shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeEpiphyteModerate waterUnusual color

Plants have a long rhizome that separates the growths, and bloom stems originate all along that rhizome each time it flowers. Delicate, upright stems bear one flower each. Vigorous.



Bulbophyllum blumei, Bulbophyllum


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bulbophyllum_blumei.htm

Bulbophyllum sp., Bulbophyllum
Bulbophyllum medusae

Bulbophyllum sp.

Bulbophyllum
Family: Orchidaceae
Small shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeEpiphyteModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersUnusual colorRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowers

Bulbophyllum is the largest genus in the Orchidaceae.

Species and varieties:

Bulbophyllum annandalei

Bulbophyllum asperulum

Bulbophyllum blumei

Bulbophyllum carunculatum

Bulbophyllum digoelense

Bulbophyllum eberhardtii

Bulbophyllum fascinator

Bulbophyllum flavescens

Bulbophyllum gibbosum

Bulbophyllum graveolens

Bulbophyllum immobile

Bulbophyllum laxiflorum

Bulbophyllum makoyanum

Bulbophyllum medusae

Bulbophyllum orectopetalum

Bulbophyllum ornatissimum

Bulbophyllum phalaenopsis

Bulbophyllum rothschildianum

Bulbophyllum rufinum

Bulbophyllum treschii

Bulbophyllum vaginatum





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bulbophyllum_sp.htm

Calanthe sp., Calanthe
Calanthe argenteostriata

Calanthe sp.

Calanthe
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Tropical Asia
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersOrnamental foliageDeciduous

Calanthe is a widespread genus of terrestrial orchids with some 200 species. There are two main types of Calanthe in cultivation, deciduous and evergreen. The evergreen types have no rest period and should be kept somewhat damp all year. The deciduous types comprise one of the most satisfactory groups of all orchids, with inflorescences that bloom over a long period of time in the late autumn and winter. The plants require to be carefully watered, and should never be saturated at their roots. Give a moderate supply only. When dormant keep the plants rather dry. When growing give more water, and if possible a higher temperature.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/calanthe_sp.htm

Catasetum sp., Catasetum

Catasetum sp.

Catasetum
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Tropical America
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterUnusual colorRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Catasetum have thick, cigar-shaped pseudobulbs which are clustered.

The inflorescence is borne on the basis. It consists of very fleshy flowers that are unisexual, which is exceptional for orchids. The colorful male and yellowish-green female flowers are typically situated on different plants. Which type of flower a plant produces is determined by the conditions under which it grows. There are rare cases in which a single plant in intermediate conditions will produce both male and female flowers. These flowers are markedly different in size and color. At first, taxonomists even thought they were dealing with different species.

Catasetum Orchidglade 'David Ranches' is a hybrid of Catasetum pileatum and Catasetum expansum.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/catasetum_sp.htm

Cattleya sp., Cattleya Orchid

Cattleya sp.

Cattleya Orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Tropical Americas
Small shrub 2-5 ftShadeSemi-shadeEpiphyteModerate waterPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersYellow/orange flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Named after William Cattleya. These orchids are the most sumptuous and exotic of all and are chosen for corsages. In nature there are about 50 species each of Cattleya and of Laelia from Central America, growing through the Amazon region to the south of Brazil. Many cattleya hybrids in the broad sense have other related genera in their parentage as x Brassocattleya, x Brassolaeliocattleya, x Laeliocattleya, x Sophrolaeliocattleya. Hawkinsara is an intergeneric hybrid with parent genera Broughtonia, Cattleya, Laelia and Sophronitis.

Their distinctive flowers and the tendency of these plants to grow in large colonies has meant that they have been vigorously over-collected and the status of many is endangered. The plants produce strong pseudobulbs' topped with one or more leathery leaves. Each year a dormant bud at the base grows into a new shoot. This thickens to produce the current year's pseudobulb. The flowers arise from the tip of the current year's growth and come in a range of colors. Some flower twice a year.

See Orchid page for pictures of different orchids and care info.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cattleya_sp.htm

Chiloschista lunifera, Thailand orchid

Chiloschista lunifera

Thailand orchid
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Thailand
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeEpiphyteRegular waterWhite/off-white flowersYellow/orange flowersFragrant

Unusual leafless orchids from Thailand, consisting of a cluster of silvery roots, emanating from a central growth point, with no leaves or visible stem. The roots have chlorophyll, and photosynthesize, feeding the plant. When in bloom, short spikes are produced, usually in profusion, bearing many small fragrant vanilla-scented flowers, white with a yellow splash on each petal and sepal. A rewarding species, easy to grow mounted in a bright location, allowing to dry between frequent watering.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/chiloschista_lunifera.htm

Cochleanthes aromatica, Zygopetalum aromaticum , Cochleanthes

Cochleanthes aromatica, Zygopetalum aromaticum

Cochleanthes
Family: Orchidaceae
Origin: Central America
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeEpiphyteModerate waterUnusual colorFragrant

Cochleanthes aromatica, Zygopetalum aromaticum , Cochleanthes


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cochleanthes_aromatica.htm
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