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Sedum tetractinum, Chinese Sedum

Sedum tetractinum

Chinese Sedum
Family: Crassulaceae
Origin: China
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate water

This plant has interesting growth habit feature. With the side light, leaves grow in one plane along the light direction; with the light directed from the top, leaves form dense rosette, as shown on the pictures. The two plants are grown from cuttings from the same plant; with different light diffusion conditions, they look like different plants.

Good as a groundcover or in containers.

Sedum tetractinum, Chinese Sedum
with side light, leaves grow in one plane along the light direction
Sedum tetractinum, Chinese Sedum
with the light directed from the top, leaves form dense rosette

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Sempervivum sp., Houseleeks, Hen and Chicks

Sempervivum sp.

Houseleeks, Hen and Chicks
Family: Crassulaceae
Origin: Mediterranean
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersOrnamental foliageRed, crimson, vinous flowersYellow, orange flowersSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Sempervivums make great groundcover and generally grow 2ft (60cm) in height at maturity. They require moderate water and generally perform best in full sun although some varieties may tolerate slightly shaded locations. They need good air circulation and free soil drainage to thrive. In terms of target soils, lean, gritty and dry soil is best as a heavier soil may become waterlogged and cause rots.

Sempervivums are frost hardy and will survive a short dip down to at least 0°C (30°F). In fact they tend to thrive in colder climates and the leaves of some varieties actually deepen in color if exposed to the cold and frost. In more vigorous climates however, some protection from excessive winter wet may assist Sempervivums to remain healthier by avoiding too much waterlogging. When growing them in a pot in a cold region, it is better to keep the pot outside as opposed to bringing it in for winter months as this can disrupt their dormancy.

When it comes to fertilizer, Sempervivums are not particularly heavy feeders and can thrive without the addition of fertilizer. The addition of a small quantity of balanced fertilizer however may improve the vigour and density of the plant.

In terms of flowers, Sempervivums flowers are always in shades of pink, white, off-white, yellow, orange and red, with tones of crimson, vinous or a darker pink and rose. These colors further expand when exposed to some periods of cold weather. The flowers of most varieties are much taller than the leaves, growing18 - 24(45 -60cm) tall. The ornamental foliage of Sempervivums lasts throughout the year and provides color, texture and can make a valuable addition to any garden.

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Tylecodon sp., Tylecodon
Tylecodon reticulatus

Tylecodon sp.

Family: Crassulaceae
Origin: South Africa
CaudexCan be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersPoisonous or toxic

Tylecodon sp. is native to South Africa and is an excellent choice as a low-maintenance ornamental plant. It grows to between 2 and 5 feet as a small plant, or 5 to 10 feet as a large shrub. Tylecodons has a thick, woody caudex, which is an underground woody base. This makes them well-suited for use as bonsai specimens, as the caudex can be shaped and trained with ease.

Tylecodon prefers full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. It requires moderate amounts of water and can survive in dry conditions. The most distinctive feature of the Tylecodon is its pink and white or off-white flowers. The flowers bloom in the summer months, making the plant an attractive specimen for the garden.

When it comes to growing Tylecodons in cold regions, these plants should be grown in containers. This is because the roots may become damaged by frost in winter. In addition, they require protection from colder temperatures. During winter, the plants should be kept in a cool area, but not allowed to freeze.

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