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The leading acid citrus fruit, because of its very appealing color, odor and flavor.
One of the most beautiful citrus varieties. The fruit is green and yellow striped with a pink interior. This is a small everbearing tree. Sensitive when too much moisture in the pot. The tree presents a delightful appearance with its new growth and bloom tipped in purple, contrasting with the foliage and fruit. The only true lemon for pink lemonade.
Small to medium sized tree, usually to 10-25ft high. Trees are somewhat sensitive to freezes and grow best in areas having only limited frosts and freezes. The Ponderosa Lemon tends to be slightly less hardy than other lemon varieties. Grows in conditions suitable for the average citrus, water frequently except during cold months. Fertilize 2-4 times per year. Can be container grown and was historically a common lemon grown indoors in temperate climates.
Very large, bumpy skinned lemon usually weighing 2-4 pounds. Flavor is typical lemon-like.
Propagation: Commonly by grafting cuttings to various citrus rootstocks. Can also be propagated by seed which usually come true, or fairly close to their parent.
Citrus medica is characterized by its thick rind and small sections. Generally, it is eaten preserved or in bakery goods, such as fruitcakes. (The candied peel rather than the fruit is often used in cooking). The citron was the first of the citrus known to the Romans. In ancient time the fruit was never eaten (it began to be used in cooking by the early 2nd century), but its intense perfume was used, penetrating clothes to repel noxious insects.
It is sometimes confused with the pomelo (Citrus maxima), which is a close relation but is larger and pear-shaped. The grapefruit tree can grow to a height of 26 to 30 feet. Grapefruits are round, with a diameter of between 4 and 6 inches. Their thin skin may be either completely yellow or yellow with a pinkish hue. The pulp of the fruit may be yellow, pinkish, or reddish. It can be more or less sharp-tasting, acidic, sweet, and fragrant. Benefits: High in vitamin C and potassium, a good source of folate, iron, calcium, and other minerals, high in fiber, low in calories. Pink and red varieties are high in beta carotene, a precursor of vitamin A. Contains bioflavonoids and other plant chemicals that protect against cancer and heart disease.
Citrus reticulata x Citrus paradisi - Ugli Fruit, Uniq Fruit
Citrus grandis x Citrus paradisi - Pomelit
Citrus reticulata or the Mandarin orange is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling the Orange. The fruit is oblate, rather than spherical, and roughly resembles a pumpkin in shape. Mandarin oranges are usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Varieties of Mandarin orange include the Tangerine, Clementine, Dancy, Tangor, Satsuma and several new varieties.
In some varieties, notably the tangerine, the rind is loose and can easily be removed by hand. The tangor, also called a temple orange, is a cross between a mandarin and an orange. Its thin rind is also easy to peel, and its pale orange pulp is spicy, full-flavored, and tart. Most canned mandarin oranges are satsumas.
Citrus × aurantium var. myrtifolia is sometimes considered a separate species, Citrus myrtifolia, the myrtle-leaved orange.
Small tree, generally only to 6-12ft. Fairly cold hardy, surviving temperature into the high 20C. The Meyer lemon grows well in standard citrus producing climates, but also grows in cooler areas, and areas that receive brief freezes. Its small size makes it a popular container plant indoors in temperate climates. Grows well in full sun or part shade (full sun in cooler climates.) Water regularly, less so during cold months. Fertilize during growing periods.
Propagation: Commonly by grafting cuttings to various citrus rootstocks. Can also be propagated by seed which usually come true, or fairly close to their parent. Takes 4 years to fruit from seed.
Orange refers to a citrus tree (Citrus sinensis) and the fruits of this tree. It is a hybrid of ancient cultivated origin, possibly between Pomelo (Citrus grandis) and Tangerine (Citrus reticulata). It is a small tree, growing to about 30ft tall, with thorny shoots and evergreen leaves 2-4in long. The fruit originated in southeast Asia, in either India, Vietnam or southern China.
Oranges are widely grown in warm climates worldwide, and the flavors of orange vary from sweet to sour. The fruit is commonly peeled and eaten fresh, or squeezed for its juice. It has a thick bitter rind that is usually discarded, but can be processed into animal feed by removing water using pressure and heat. It is also used in certain recipes as flavoring or a garnish.