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Medium-sized tree with a trunk that usually branches fairly low. The bark is dark with light spots. Leaves are simple and alternate, displayed in a flat plane, very regularly arranged along the branchlet. The branchlet zig-zags between leaves. Deciduous in the dry season, losing all its leaves from December to April. Flowers from May to July, producing large, purple, solitary flowers along the branches; pollinate by beetles. It has hairy leaves and large, strong-scented flowers. From August to October, a large, green fruit with small spines develops. The fruit is rounded and 6-8", and is covered with a felt-textured brown skin. The surface of the fruit has hooklike projections. The pulp is similar in scent, appearance, and taste to that of the mango. It has many seeds.The soncoya requires a hot, humid climate.
The fruit pulp is edible and good but not marketed. In Colombia, the pulp is eaten raw or is strained for juice, drunk as a beverage or folk remedy. In Mexico, Soncoya juice is regarded as a remedy for fever and chills. Elsewhere it is given to relieve jaundice (probably because of its color). The bark decoction is effective against dysentery and a tea of the inner bark is administered in cases of edema.
Season: Late Winter to Spring. Erect growing tree, rounded to spreading, leaves 4" to 8" long to 2" wide with conspicuous veins and pungent-smelling. Flowers in drooping clusters, which are fragrant, inconspicuous, and never fully open. Compound fruit 4" to 6" in diameter, roundish to heart-shaped to irregular. Tough, thin skin may be yellow to brown to red when ripe. Flesh is thick creamy-white and custard-like. Red fruits sometimes have pink flesh or red lines running through the flesh. Taste varies, best are sweet, juicy with a distinctive flavor. Tree is fast growing under favorable conditions, responds well to mulching, organic soil, fertilization and irrigation through long drought periods.
A. scleroderma is a tall tree which reaches 15 to 20 m and has tough, lanceolate leaves measuring 10 to 25 x 5 to 8 cm. They are shiny on the upper side, slightly pubescent on the underside and have fragile, 3 cm long petioles. The flowers are greenish yellow, the outer petals have a longitudinal prominence which arises in the small branches or in groups in the old part of the thick branches. The cream-colored flesh has a creamy banana-pineapple like flavor and a soft texture. Said to be one of the most flavorful and refreshing Annona's, but the poshe-te is still elusive outside its native range. This round fruit, relatively little known has a rich aromatic and delicious flavor. The fruit is the size of an orange and has a dull green surface with perfectly textured pulp. Unlike some other Annonas, the pulp is not fibrous. The tough skin allows it to be handled easily and makes it resistant to insect attack. The trees should be pruned so that a wide crown remains to facilitate fruit harvesting. This also reduces exposure to wind and bird damage.
This rare Annona is a species originally brought to us from Costa Rica. We believe it to be a natural hybrid between A. muricata and A. glabra.
It is a very ornamental, evergreen, small to medium size tree with waxy, large 4-6" leaves, similar to A. muricata, A. montana or Rollinia. Fast growing, forms nice bushy specimen. Flowers are very similar to A. muricata.
It has a large, up to 1 lb fruit, green when unripe, sometimes with gray to brown spots, turning dark yellow to orange on ripening. The pulp is golden to orange when ripe, with strong Pineapple scent, and resembling Jackfruit in texture. Flavor is like the custard apple but with pineapple, papaya, apricot and melon overtones. Note that some people dislike the taste, others find it good.
Fruits tend to be quite seedy. Skin of unripe fruit is tough, looks similar to Annona glabra, however it is smooth, without any bumps or segments.
This species prefers well-irrigated sites, and seems to tolerate flooding. It is also cold hardy at least to upper 20's for a few hours. 3 year old trees survived several nights with frost with hardly any leaf damage. This feature, along with a tasty fruit and flood tolerance, makes this species desirable for Florida gardens and other similar subtropical areas. The plant would be very interesting for rare fruit collectors as it offers a large, exotic fruit of unusual color and taste, and appears to be much more hardy and water tolerant than similar looking but sensitive A. muricata, A. montana and Rollinia.
Propagation is by seed, which are grayish to light brown. If stored for several months, seeds may take up to six months to sprout. Trees produce after three to four years from seed.
Very highly regarded in tropical and subtropical areas. Fruits with sweet custard-like pulp are from 3 to 5 inches in diameter with a lumpy green skin and upon maturity the fruit has a bluish or white blush. Some varieties are developed that have a red blush or red skin which are much more attractive. At maturity fruits have a custard like white pulp with small black seeds and the sweet flesh is eaten fresh or used for milkshakes and ice creams. Sugar apples make great container plants, too, so if you don't have much space try growing these in a 10 or 15 gallon tub, and they will still reward you with a number of delicious fruit. Older trees may continue fruiting into January during warm winter. Trees reach full dormancy during cold winters. Varieties: Thai-Lessard, Kampong Mauve.
Anaxagorea javanica is a shrub or small tree related to Ylang Ylang, with fragrant flowers. The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use in Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra).
Annickia chlorantha is an ornamental tree with a dense foliage and spreading crown. The stem bark, which is used in traditional medicine.
Also known by its common name in India as "Manorangini" and "Hara-champa" or "Kantali champa". Woody climber, can become dense evergreen shrub bearing extremely fragrant canary yellow or light green flowers, turning yellow with age. Absolutely intoxicating fragrance! A medium size vine 8 to 10'. Once picked flowers are very long lasting and hold the scent for days, if kept in water, permeating an entire room.
A brother of a famous Artabotrys hexapetalus, this plant can grow as a large woody vine or trimmed as a shrub. Flowers are very fragrant, with lemon-like scent. The perfume is strong only when a flower turns yellow, and the yellow flower lasts for a day or two. Blooms profusely from mid-spring to late summer. Requires support for best shape.
Medium size (5-7"), sometimes cylindrical fruit with smoother skin than Jackfruit. Pulp has a sweet, juicy, yet creamy texture. Less fibrous and acidic than the Jackfruit.
Eaten fresh and used to make ice cream. Young fruits are eaten as vegetables.